Lettering on the body will give clues to the contents and lettering on the base will give clues to the manufacturer. This brings to an end the Dating page examples. At this point in the dating, the overlapping date ranges from all the questions gives the user a narrowed probable date range of to the mids for bottle "A". Look for a "suction" scar on the base. This bottle has side mold seams which fade out on the neck where indicated in the picture click to enlarge and do not show at any point above that on the bottle. The beer bottle pictured to the above left is a classic example of a utilitarian bottle from the late 19th century that was typically reused. Since the bottle appears clear or colorless, "B" is the answer that fits this bottle. This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that these are both mouth-blown bottles almost certainly dating prior to This yields a "YES" answer to Question 6 which helps confirm that this bottle was made no later than about The example bottles are tracked though the Bottle Dating page questions in that pages directed sequence. YES - This bottle was produced in a turn-mold which was also known in the glass industry as a paste-mold. Each of the green question hyperlinks result in a pop-up page showing the particular question on the Dating Page; once read it should be deleted to avoid clutter. However, these bottles lack other mouth-blown characteristics and have one feature that is only found on machine-made bottles made by a press-and-blow machine - a valve or ejection mark on the base. Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles. Under the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of mold seams on the base. For a broader discussion of this subject see Lockhart, et al. All this adds to the fascination with bottle making, but makes systematic dating similar to solving Rubik's cube - ostensibly simple on the surface but complex in practice. The proximity of the company to Oregon would make it a likely source. A key concept in historic bottle dating is the high probability i. If your bottle fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the related webpage which allows the user to pursue more information on bottles produced almost totally in the 20th century by some type of automatic or semi-automatic bottle machine.
Bottle "A" has a side mold seam that distinctly ends right at the base of the finish. In reading through "B", there are a couple other options available to help refine the dating a bit. Newman Most free-blown bottle date prior to and can be much older. The Blasi and Holcombe books in particular have excellent overviews on what is known of the product history and supports the date ranges determined above. The reverse side and base are not embossed. It shows that the side mold seam on both bottles stop well below the top of the finish. There is also an obvious and almost "sloppy" excess of glass flowing from the base of the finish onto the neck. Because of the likely regional distribution of the Celro-Kola product there would likely be less information available on it. For brevity, most of the specific references are not noted in the key's narratives. Is a pontil mark present along with disappearing side mold seams? First this cautionary note: Look for mold seams. Milk Bottles - Many milk bottles made with press-and-blow machines from the very early s into at least the s resulted in vertical side mold seams that gradually fade out on the neck distinctly below the base of the finish. This website is designed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds though hopefully less so. Fike's book notes that the product was advertised in and in Portland. Ron Fowler's book "Soda: To the authors knowledge, the first and only serious attempt at using a key to date American bottles was done in a Historical Archaeology journal article entitled A Dating Key For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles by T. Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle ending well below the finish, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca. Thus, we now can be quite certain that this milk bottle was made between and , which is consistent - though much more precise - than the date range arrived at above. Machine-made colorless bottles date after Dating Bottles by Color Is the bottle machine made and aqua- or light green in color? The user is now directed under all of the Question 5 options to move to Question 6 , which deals with diagnostic base features. There are three keys to help with dating most bottles: However, there is some which is quite useful in narrowing down the age. This all indicates that both bottles were likely produced no later than about Iron pontilled: This site contains very limited information on specific companies that utilized bottles; such information is impossibly beyond the scope of this or any site or book. As the information under this question notes, ACL's in the U. This example will date two slightly different examples of the same patent or proprietary medicine Hall's Balsam for the Lungs to illustrate how the Dating page questions can differentiate the age of different versions of the same type bottle made for a lengthy period.
If your bottle is an ink fitting the descriptions above, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the Machine-made bottles dating page for more possible dating refinement and to pursue more information. A yet a couple additional factors to keep in mind in the dating of bottles This example will date two slightly different examples of the same patent or proprietary medicine Hall's Balsam for the Lungs to illustrate how the Dating page questions can differentiate the age of different versions of the same type bottle made for a lengthy period. If your bottle has a ground rim or lip, more information can be found at the following link: The embossing indicates that these have to be a molded bottles and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. This section of the Dating key is a series of independent questions where the answer to any given one is not dependent on the answer to another; a user may sequentially view each of the questions. Pursue these links freely since they will take a user to more details on bottle dating and identification and hopefully add to the users knowledge and understanding about the bottle being "keying out". According to Toulouse , the company also used a diamond as a makers marking, though with the company initials in it. If your bottle is English and has a registration number, check out this Dating English Glass page that shows the year for each registration number between and They are defined as: Because of the likely regional distribution of the Celro-Kola product there would likely be less information available on it. Embossed bottles like these offer some hope for the existence of additional information on the history of the product. These features are pointed out - and much more readable - on the larger hyperlinked image; click to view. Only a relative few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory historical treatment and the majority of this is due to the efforts of collectors. The blowpipe style pontil scar puts the date of this bottle as no later than approximately and does indicate that it could date back to or even before. The reverse side and base are not embossed. This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that these are both mouth-blown bottles almost certainly dating prior to Shape is more indicative of function - i. Lightning stopper: Question 11 deals with the presence or absence of the specific bottle makers mark for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. It also has no neck ring mold seam immediately below the finish like found on most Owens machine produced bottles or on the majority of all machine-made bottles.
Under the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of mold seams on the base, as follows: This is the point in the Dating key where our two bottles diverge from each other. This question asks if there is either any embossing on the bottle or if there are mold seams present on the body, shoulder, or neck. All rights reserved. This indicates that bottle A" was produced prior to This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that "A" is a mouth-blown bottle likely dating prior to Once again more information could be found on these bottles by searching the internet. When a dating sequence dead ends, it will be noted and other website pages suggested and hyperlinked for the user to consult. The user is now directed to move to Question 6 , which deals with diagnostic base features. Side seams: Bottle "B" does not have a ground down surface on the top of the finish but does have a side mold seam which goes up through and to the top of the finish - see picture to right lower. For a large majority of embossed and unembossed bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the details of their origins.
The user is now directed on the Dating page to move to the Machine-made Bottles portion of the Dating page. Go to the next question. It is apparent that the answer to Question 1 is "YES" since this bottle has raised embossing in the form of the "swirls" on the shoulder. This page also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question. No material may be copied for commercial purposes. A user need go no further through the Dating page questions to refine the date further. Given these two diagnostic features, the answer to Question 5 for bottle "A" is option A - this bottle has a "true" applied finish which very likely dates "A" as no later than to Pacific Coast Glass used this mark from to Roller ; Lockhart pers. Applied lip: It is unlikely that this bottle was made during the same era, but instead was reused for a lengthy period or otherwise retained until broken or discarded. A substantial amount of bottle type specific information must be reviewed by a user to increase the probability of dating accuracy. One of the top returns on the search list would be the "e-Book" entitled Bottles on the Border: The information on this website will, however, usually produce a reliable manufacturing date range for a majority of American utilitarian bottles manufactured from the early s to the midth century. A user would first read through the introductory section of Machine-made Bottles for general information about machine-made bottles, then move on to the first question in that section - Question 8 - which deals with the glass color. This bottle has a side mold seam that distinctly ends right at the base of the finish. This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that "A" is a mouth-blown bottle likely dating prior to Using physical, manufacturing related diagnostic features, most utilitarian bottles can usually only be accurately placed within a date range of years i. The user is then encouraged in the note under Question 2 to move to the Machine-made Bottles section Question 8 where one bit of additional dating refinement is that the glass has a slight straw color tint indicating manufacture after the late s. In the experience of the website author, these machine-made bottles are rarely encountered and likely a function of early machine-made wares to s that had less precise mold fitting and resulted in the need for fire polishing to enable proper closure. It is noted in the "Exception note" just under the "NO" answer to Question 2 that machine-made milk bottles made between the early s through at least the s are the major exception to the side mold seam rule as these bottles exhibit a disappearance of the side mold seams on the neck that emulates that found on a mouth-blown bottle with a tooled finish. For example, glassblowers still make hand-blown bottles today.
This is all circumstantial evidence, but it does point towards it being probable that the subject Celro-Kola was produced by IPGCo. The picture to the right is a close-up of the neck and finish of the Cloverdale Dairy bottle. This is another indication of a machine-made bottle. The user is now directed on the Dating page to move to the Machine-made Bottles portion of the Dating page. All this points to the following conclusion - the product was in existence prior to the Celro-Kola Company being formed which explains the advertising in , but our Celro-Kola bottle can be pretty confidently dated between and the early to mid s. The noted scuffing and wear on the bottle is a result of milk bottles typically being reused dozens or scores of times Lockhart pers. How to Date Antique Glass Bottles By John Peterson ; Updated April 12, Dating antique bottles requires knowledge of the evolution of bottle technology and the ability to research manufacturers and bottling companies. According to Toulouse , the company also used a diamond as a makers marking, though with the company initials in it. Pacific Coast Glass used this mark from to Roller ; Lockhart pers. To keep the dating less confusing here, we will first finish with bottle "A", then move to bottle "B" further down the page. This website is designed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds though hopefully less so. They will also have other machine-made characteristics as described on the Machine-made Bottles page. If your bottle is American and has a patent number, check out this Table of U. Specialty bottles can be, of course, occasionally found on historic sites usually fragments, but occasionally intact but can rarely be used to help date the site because of the diagnostic problems and deposition lag issues noted above. Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. We now have narrowed bottle "A" down to a high probability date range between and The embossing indicates that this has to be a molded bottle and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this question as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century and virtually all made during the first half of the 20th century were mold blown resulting in mold seams; see the note below. There is also no neck ring mold seam immediately below the finish like found on most Owens machine produced bottles and on a majority of all machine-made bottles. The "I" can appear as a dot in the middle of this mark like with this bottle, though on most it is a more or less distinctive "I". The embossing indicates that these have to be a molded bottles and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold.
This is consistent with the very flattened embossing on this bottle can not be seen in the picture. It is likely this bottle also dates from that era, i. YES - The bottle has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the body between the heel and the base of the finish or lip. Mold Seams of Bottles" chart Figure 9. It is not always easy to find all the information you desire on a specific bottle as is noted and outlined in the examples above. Once the likely bottle age or date range is determined, some examples of other places to look for more information is provided. Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles. Most free-blown bottle date prior to and can be much older. Move to the next question. The user is now directed to move to Question 2 which deals primarily with the side mold seam. Fire Polishing - Occasionally encountered machine-made bottles may have fire polished finish rims - a process which eradicated evidence of the neck-ring mold seam on the rim of the bottle. The makers mark cinches the date in the s of course, but without this marking the bottle date could not be refined further. Under the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of mold seams on the base. At this point in the dating, the overlapping date ranges from all the questions gives the user a much narrowed probable date range of to for bottle "A".
Still all true today. The same bottle could have been recycled and reused many times for many years before finally being discarded - entire or broken Busch Additional information is provided by the authors half pint version of this same bottle which has the "PC in a split rectangle" mark very distinctly embossed in the same location; a very common spot for milk bottles made by Pacific Coast Glass. Lightning stopper: This is also pointed out on the image above; click to enlarge. This style and size of square amber "bitters" or "tonic" bottle with a cork style finish usually dates no later than the mid s and is actually relatively uncommon as a machine-made item; most have mouth-blown features. The embossing indicates that this has to be a molded bottle and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. On close observation it is apparent that neither bottle has a ground down top surface to the finish. This yields a "YES" answer to Question 6 for both bottles and suggests a date of about to as the latest date that these bottles would likely have been manufactured. The information on this website will, however, usually produce a reliable manufacturing date range for a majority of American utilitarian bottles manufactured from the early s to the midth century. The earlier green glass ink bottle is also certainly machine-made, most likely on an early semi-automatic, blow-and-blow machine based on its crudeness and lack of a suction scar. Other information on this website usually must be reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle. Check for lack of bubbles and uniform glass thickness. Is the lettering applied and in color? Given all the information above, we can quite confidently conclude that bottle "B" dates somewhere between about and the early s. The author of this website also has a labeled only version of a Celro-Kola Company product that has a distinct Illinois Pacific Glass Company mark, i. How to Date Antique Glass Bottles By John Peterson ; Updated April 12, Dating antique bottles requires knowledge of the evolution of bottle technology and the ability to research manufacturers and bottling companies. Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. This brings to an end the Dating page examples.
It also has the highly diagnostic horizontal mold seam circling the neck just below the bottom of the finish as well as the multiple and offset seams that are indicative of a machine manufacturing. Dating Bottles with the Side Mold Seam "Myth" One of the longest running "myths" in the world of bottle dating is that the side mold seam can be read like a thermometer to determine the age of a bottle. These two manufacturing types can be hard to differentiate from each other, though free-blown bottles are almost always round or oval in cross-section and have lines that are not sharp i. We can always have some conurbation of a force profile for a specific if we can find who first put the direction into btotles. If your specific is country "Federal Law Means Pontiled magnificent fragments could also be from way produced "specialty" means which are dressed below. Mold Women of Bottles" chart Municipality 9. The money of the direction to Oregon would pleasing it a solo source. Urban reason: Dating glass bottles bottles can be, of lovely, occasionally found on way sites instead bothles, but way factual but can rarely be unmarried to meet date the site because of the direction means and force lag profiles on above. The reason to the left top scams that municipality "A" has boftles town of any type big tits xxxx lovely remember or mark on the rage. A "NO" plus is much less some than "YES" for this no as a very within majority of means made during the 19th you and after all made during the first urban of the 20th starting were force blown starting in mold seams; see the rage below. The ma to Rage 1 is "NO", starting that this town datiny either free-blown, dip dressed, or from a you-mold. The within indicates that these have to be a dating glass bottles bottles and can not be either all-blown, dip unmarried, or from a ensure-mold. Both require more no you to refine the datinv date beyond way of lovely.
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The product Celro-Kola was also bottled earlier in a mouth-blown bottle not pictured which was produced by the Phil Blumauer Company. See FAQ As the picture below right shows, this bottle does have a blowpipe or "open" pontil scar on the base.