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Reducing the risk and sex

Reducing the risk and sex

Reducing the risk and sex

Not having vaginal, anal, or oral sex is the surest way to avoid HIV, however with sexually active youth this message can feel like an uphill battle. Reducing the Number of Partners? This can lower your chances of having a partner who could transmit HIV to you. Provide a summary presentation about the Reducing the Risk curriculum to ensure that students are willing to be a part of the program. Refusal and communication skills in pressure situations in order to avoid pregnancy and STD. How many other sexual partners do you currently have? The sooner you start PEP, the better; every hour counts. Knowledge of how to be abstinent or use birth control methods effectively and how to access health care information and contraception including condoms. Reducing the number of partners refers to limiting a person's lifetime number of sexual partners. Consider minor adaptations to make Reducing the Risk more culturally sensitive e. Skills to obtain health care information and contraception from a clinic and use it. This is called having an undetectable viral load. Both factors can increase the risk of getting HIV. STDs can have long-term health consequences. Budget in time and money for facilitators to get refresher and booster sessions. Young people do not find these messages contradictory, and lessons reviewing protection do not increase the likelihood that students will become sexually active. If your viral load stays undetectable, you have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. He is the author, co-author, or editor of ten books and three curricula, including Reducing the Risk, Safer Choices and Power through Choices, all designed to reduce the likelihood and risks of youth becoming sexually active. For those who do choose to become sexually active, though, there are ways you can help reduce your risk of contracting an STI. The more of these actions you take, the safer you can be. Alcohol and drug use can reduce our ability to make good decisions. Contact ETR regarding custom site license pricing to reprint student workbooks. Teachers help students by encouraging them to practice their interpersonal skills in the roleplays. Visit your health care provider regularly and take your medicine the right way, every day. The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. Cognitive Behavior Theory suggests that young people need specific cognitive and behavioral skills to resist pressures and successfully manage interpersonal encounters. Among the students not sexually active before participation in the program, effects seem to have extended across a variety of subgroups, including both whites and Latinos and lower risk and higher risk youths, but were particularly strong among lower risk youths and females. He has also served on the boards of numerous child-serving agencies and is now a Commissioner on the Advisory Board of the Baltimore City Social Services Department. About the Author Richard P. This research-proven approach addresses skills such as risk assessment, communication, decision making, planning, refusal strategies and delay tactics. Reducing the risk and sex



Among all lower risk youths and among all students who had not initiated intercourse prior to their exposure to the curriculum, the curriculum appears to have significantly reduced unprotected intercourse, either by delaying the onset of intercourse, either by delaying the onset of intercourse or by increasing the use of contraceptives. Refusal and communication skills in pressure situations in order to avoid pregnancy and STD. Choose less risky sexual behaviors. Learn more about how to get the conversation started. You can: When used correctly and in every sexual encounter, condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV. HIV is mainly spread by having anal or vaginal sex without a condom or without taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV. Use condoms the right way every time you have sex. In a quasi-experimental evaluation, this curriculum was implemented at 13 California high schools; high school students assigned to treatment and control groups were surveyed before their exposure to the curriculum, immediately afterwards, six months later, and 18 months later. This research-proven approach addresses skills such as risk assessment, communication, decision making, planning, refusal strategies and delay tactics. Stakeholder and Parent Buy-in Develop relationships with school officials, administrative staff, and faculty to have Reducing the Risk approved by the school board. Parents also should be given an opportunity to view the curriculum and related materials if they wish. As applied to pregnancy prevention, Social Learning Theory suggests that the likelihood of an action such as using birth control is influenced by an understanding of what must be done to avoid pregnancy, a belief that the method will successfully prevent pregnancy and the anticipated benefit of the action. To work, PEP must begin as soon as possible, and always within 72 hours of a recent possible exposure. This is called having an undetectable viral load.

Reducing the risk and sex



What is reducing the number of partners? Roleplays are an essential and powerful part of the program. What you can do Not having sex is the best way to prevent getting or transmitting HIV. Conclude that factual information about conception and protection is essential for avoiding teen pregnancy, HIV and other STD. Starting PEP immediately after a possible exposure and taking it daily for 4 weeks can reduce the chances of getting HIV. Create activities that allow youth to exercise leadership throughout the course of the school year e. Reducing the risk: He has published more than articles in a variety of health and social work journals and is on the editorial board or a consulting editor of Social Work, Social Service Review, the Journal of Adolescent Research, Children and Youth Services Review and Adoption Quarterly. Alcohol and drug use can reduce our ability to make good decisions. Contact ETR regarding custom site license pricing to reprint student workbooks. Talk to a health care provider right away within 3 days about post-exposure prophylaxis PEP if have come into contact with HIV. Encourage them to: In a quasi-experimental evaluation, this curriculum was implemented at 13 California high schools; high school students assigned to treatment and control groups were surveyed before their exposure to the curriculum, immediately afterwards, six months later, and 18 months later. Reducing the Risk is a new sexuality education curriculum, based on social learning theory, social inoculation theory and cognitive-behavioral theory and employing explicit norms against unprotected sexual intercourse. ETR's effective, award-winning, evidence-based resources are used by schools, departments of education, youth groups, government agencies and clinics nationwide. You can:



































Reducing the risk and sex



Learn more about HIV treatment as prevention. He is currently PI of a Maryland DHR funded effort to examine reproductive health services and teenage births in foster care. The longer you wait to start having oral, vaginal, or anal sex, the fewer sexual partners you are likely to have in your lifetime. This allows you to recruit peer leaders at the end of the program cycles to be an advocate of the program. Students learn they must consult with their parents and think through their own values to decide what to do. Among all lower risk youths and among all students who had not initiated intercourse prior to their exposure to the curriculum, the curriculum appears to have significantly reduced unprotected intercourse, either by delaying the onset of intercourse, either by delaying the onset of intercourse or by increasing the use of contraceptives. He is the author, co-author, or editor of ten books and three curricula, including Reducing the Risk, Safer Choices and Power through Choices, all designed to reduce the likelihood and risks of youth becoming sexually active. Talking openly and frequently with your partner about sex can help you make decisions that may decrease your risk of getting or transmitting HIV. Abstinence means not having oral, vaginal, or anal sex. People living with HIV who take HIV medication daily as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load can stay healthy and have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Among all participants, the program significantly increased participants' knowledge and parent-child communication about abstinence and contraception. Be aware that there's a window period , which is the time between when a person gets HIV and when most HIV tests will show that a person has it. Most can be expanded to fill more time, or 2 full periods, by increasing time to practice the skills and discuss the activities. Reducing the Risk is a new sexuality education curriculum, based on social learning theory, social inoculation theory and cognitive-behavioral theory and employing explicit norms against unprotected sexual intercourse. Not having vaginal, anal, or oral sex is the surest way to avoid HIV, however with sexually active youth this message can feel like an uphill battle.

Recognize that abstaining from sexual activity or using contraception are the only ways to avoid pregnancy, HIV and other STD. You can also choose sexual activities that are lower risk for HIV than anal or vaginal sex. The risk of getting HIV can vary depending on the type of sexual activity. The sooner you start PEP, the better; every hour counts. Students learn they must consult with their parents and think through their own values to decide what to do. To work, PEP must begin as soon as possible, and always within 72 hours of a recent possible exposure. Talk to your healthcare provider to see which vaccines might be recommended for you. The risk of getting HIV increases with the number of sex partners adolescents have. While designed primarily for ninth grade students, it can be used with students in other appropriate grades e. The more students practice effectively saying no to sex or to unprotected sex , the more likely they'll be to use these skills in real life. He is the author, co-author, or editor of ten books and three curricula, including Reducing the Risk, Safer Choices and Power through Choices, all designed to reduce the likelihood and risks of youth becoming sexually active. Of course, the best way to avoid STIs and unwanted pregnancy is not to have sex. Staffing Requirements This curriculum is designed to be taught by classroom teachers or family life educators. Talking openly and frequently with your partner about sex can help you make decisions that may decrease your risk of getting or transmitting HIV. Get tested and treated for other STDs and encourage your partners to do the same. Encourage youth to carry protection with them, not to rely on their partner to have it, and use it for all types of sexual activity. What we know about reducing the number of partners: It also significantly reduces the chance of HIV transmission to sex partners. Young people do not find these messages contradictory, and lessons reviewing protection do not increase the likelihood that students will become sexually active. Abstain from sex. Your partners should talk to a health care provider right away within 72 hours after a possible exposure. The longer you wait to start having oral, vaginal, or anal sex, the fewer sexual partners you are likely to have in your lifetime. Also, don't be afraid to talk honestly with your healthcare provider about your sexual practices or to ask about STI tests. ETR also provides free downloads of pre- and post-tests and Adaptation Tools. If you're HIV-positive, the most important thing you can do is being on treatment. Oral sex is much less risky than anal or vaginal sex. Reducing the risk and sex



The ideal class size is between 10 and 30 youth. Do you use needles to inject drugs? Talk to a health care provider right away within 3 days about post-exposure prophylaxis PEP if have come into contact with HIV. Staffing Requirements This curriculum is designed to be taught by classroom teachers or family life educators. Among all participants, the program significantly increased participants' knowledge and parent-child communication about abstinence and contraception. What is reducing the number of partners? Abstain from sex. Alcohol and drug use can reduce our ability to make good decisions. The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. This is called having an undetectable viral load. For instance, oral sex carries a lower risk of contracting HIV than anal or vaginal sex. While designed primarily for ninth grade students, it can be used with students in other appropriate grades e. Provide a summary presentation about the Reducing the Risk curriculum to ensure that students are willing to be a part of the program. Do you have any other STDs? This research-proven approach addresses skills such as risk assessment, communication, decision making, planning, refusal strategies and delay tactics. However, the risk is still very low, and much lower than with anal or vaginal sex. The major focus is the development of attitudes and skills that will help teens prevent pregnancy and the transmission of STD, including HIV. The fewer partners you have, the less chance you will get an STI. The more sexual partners you have in your lifetime, the more likely you are to have a sex partner who has HIV and whose viral load isn't suppressed or who has another sexually transmitted disease STD. Encourage youth to: Social and peer norms, as well as personal attitudes about abstinence, sex, unprotected sex, condoms and contraception. Roleplays are an essential and powerful part of the program. Both of these factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission. Vaginal sex also carries a risk for getting HIV, though it is less risky than receptive anal sex. This allows you to recruit peer leaders at the end of the program cycles to be an advocate of the program. Talk to your healthcare provider to see which vaccines might be recommended for you.

Reducing the risk and sex



Choose less risky sexual behaviors. If you are sexually active, get tested at least once a year. Interview with the Program Developer See the materials below to hear from the program developer. Encourage youth to: Students learn they must consult with their parents and think through their own values to decide what to do. Visit the program space to ensure that you know what materials will be provided to you and what materials e. This research-proven approach addresses skills such as risk assessment, communication, decision making, planning, refusal strategies and delay tactics. Talk to your health care provider to see if PrEP is right for you. Limit the number of partners you have If you are going to have sex, have it with just one person and ask about his or her sexual history. Receptive anal sex is the riskiest type of sex for getting HIV. Abstinence is presented as the best, safest and most common choice for high school students, but Reducing the Risk also recognizes that some students are sexually active. Abstinence means not having oral, vaginal, or anal sex. In a quasi-experimental evaluation, this curriculum was implemented at 13 California high schools; high school students assigned to treatment and control groups were surveyed before their exposure to the curriculum, immediately afterwards, six months later, and 18 months later. Before having sex for the first time, you and your partner may want to get tested for HIV and learn the results. The classes are designed for minute periods. Two key skills are taught: They can also increase the risk of getting or transmitting HIV. Reducing the Risk is a new sexuality education curriculum, based on social learning theory, social inoculation theory and cognitive-behavioral theory and employing explicit norms against unprotected sexual intercourse. ART is recommended for all people with HIV, regardless of how long they've had the virus or how healthy they are. At first, students may be hesitant about their performances, but they soon begin to enjoy these opportunities and use them to great advantage. There are lots of ways to reduce your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection STI. Reducing the Risk did not significantly affect frequency of sexual intercourse or use of birth control among sexually experienced students. Teaching them about these strategies can improve their knowledge about sexual health and provide them with skills to engage in safer sexual activities. Among the students not sexually active before participation in the program, effects seem to have extended across a variety of subgroups, including both whites and Latinos and lower risk and higher risk youths, but were particularly strong among lower risk youths and females. Condoms are highly effective at preventing HIV infection if you use them the right way every time you have sex. ETR also provides free downloads of pre- and post-tests and Adaptation Tools. Talking openly and frequently with your partner about sex can help you make decisions that may decrease your risk of getting or transmitting HIV. The more partners, the more likely there is to be one with a sexually transmitted infection STI or a partner whose HIV is not virally suppressed. Use condoms every time.

Reducing the risk and sex



The risk of getting HIV increases with the number of sex partners adolescents have. Cognitive Behavior Theory suggests that young people need specific cognitive and behavioral skills to resist pressures and successfully manage interpersonal encounters. Social Inoculation Theory suggests that people develop resistance to social pressure when they can recognize the forms of pressure, are motivated to resist them, and are capable of doing so. Talk to a health care provider right away within 3 days about post-exposure prophylaxis PEP if have come into contact with HIV. Consider minor adaptations to make Reducing the Risk more culturally sensitive e. Evaluate the risks and lasting consequences of becoming an adolescent parent or becoming infected with HIV or another STD. Find an STD testing site. Skills to communicate with parents or other adults about teen sexual activity and birth control. The more partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV whose viral load is not suppressed or to have a sex partner with a sexually transmitted disease. Currently, vaccines are available to protect against infection with HPV , hepatitis A , and hepatitis B. This allows you to recruit peer leaders at the end of the program cycles to be an advocate of the program. Reducing the number of partners refers to limiting a person's lifetime number of sexual partners. ETR also provides free downloads of pre- and post-tests and Adaptation Tools. Staffing and Professional Development Plan for professional development and training for staff beyond training on the Reducing the Risk program model. Use HIV. What we know about reducing the number of partners: Use condoms the right way every time you have sex. The more of these actions you take, the safer you can be. Additional classroom workbook sets of 5 and 30 are available. Among the students not sexually active before participation in the program, effects seem to have extended across a variety of subgroups, including both whites and Latinos and lower risk and higher risk youths, but were particularly strong among lower risk youths and females. Key content covered by the program consists of: The risk of getting HIV can vary depending on the type of sexual activity. Be aware that there's a window period , which is the time between when a person gets HIV and when most HIV tests will show that a person has it. There are lots of ways to reduce your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection STI. If you are living with HIV, the most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ART , every day, exactly as prescribed. As a result of participating in RTR, students will be able to: Choose less risky sexual behaviors.

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